Crowdfunding for Students – SNIP

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At Salzburg Research, together with ITG Salzburg, Neurovation and HTL Salzburg, we organized and realized a project on crowd funding students’ innovation projects. See the (German) web-site at

What is the basic idea?
Students in their school leaving examinations (“Matura”) often do smart projects that benefit from an early sharpening of their ideas and more importantly from donations and funding. Therefore, we thought that funding through the crowd, i.e., friends, family but also companies and the public, could help in realizing these often highly innovative projects; that sometime also lead to start-ups!

Now, here is an overview of the projects that emerged from HTL Salzburg: Two of these projects realized the full funding they needed:


Add comment February 20th, 2014 Sigi Reich

HMD294 – Human Computer Interaction

cover of HMD294

The new issue of HMD is out: it is on Human Computer Interaction, see This special issue covers aspects such as 3D avatars, smart home, technostress, etc. and also strategic experience management, which IMHO is key due to its methodological approach to cover HCI.


And: it may be worth telling that after some 15 years, from 2014 onwards HMD moves from dpunkt-Verlag to Springer-Verlag. This has been a hard decision by the management board of dpunkt as well as the editorial board of HMD – I wish HMD all the success it needs in addressing the market of applied research in computer science publications!!!

Add comment December 8th, 2013 Sigi Reich

Digital Identities 2.0

fa-ak10 Forschung Austria – Austria’s association for research and technology organisations (RTOs) – organised a workshop (“Arbeitskreis”) on digital identity at the Alpbach Technology Forum (Technologiegespräche), Friday, Aug.23, 2013.The workshop was moderated by Gerald Gross. We had several excellent people on the panel.
  • Dr. Ganzger, a lawyer, started by outlining the legal aspects of one’s digital identity on the Internet. Pretty complex! The Internet has its (legal) regulations. However, there are many and diverse rights; they are interpreted sometimes differently; and of course they are diverging.
  • Lieutenant colonel Franz Lang argued about the (technical) complexity of digital traces, cybercrime, … He mentioned the simple mindedness of many on the Internet (Facebook Parties as one example, also the naming of a bridge after Chuck Norris in Lower Austria). In conclusion his message was/is: we need to strengthen education in Internet technologies/tools so that people are more proficient in handling Web 2.0 rather than defining rules.
  • Prof. Thomas Corsten then argued for historical perspectives on identity (starting on ancient Greece). In summary: there is no clear definition/picture on identities from a historical perspective. In particular, religion has a limited contribution to identity; language a bit more, but still it does not define identity.
  • Stefan Bumerl, CEO of Cryptas, then brought in the technical and business aspects of identity. There is a need for a well defined eco-system; and: concepts are one thing – for services to be accepted, users need a clear benefit.
  • Chancelor Faulhammer, Danube University Krems, introduced several examples where digital identity is brought to real-world services. E.g. e-voting, e-democrazy, etc.
  • Prof. Sebastian Eschenbach from FH-Burgenland, argued for different types of identity from a group’s perspective. His main argumentation: changes in identity are more driven by societal beliefs rather than (technical) tools.
  • Last but not least, Prof. Ivona Brandic from TU-Vienna, started introducing technical foundations that are necessary for managing (digital) identities and moved on the typical applications.

My personal conclusions:

  • Just like you have several identities (or roles) in real life, you have that on the Internet as well.
  • In addition to that, you have various levels of trust: online bank services need to be treated differently to Facebook likes.
  • Thus, there is tradeoff and/or a weighing of competing interests and values (“Güterabwägung”) with respect to the tools and methods chosen.
  • Technologies and concepts in the digital world are changing so fast that you may not rely on rules. Rather education plays an increasingly important role.

Add comment August 25th, 2013 Sigi Reich

Media and Consumer Interaction

… from a talk by Richard Gutjahr (see held quite a while ago at the 9th Medientag, Salzburg. He argued that many broadcast organisations think they have understood that – in contrast to earlier days – there now is a backchannel from their customers (via interactive TV-boxes, for instance). In the animated figure below, this would be the difference between (1) and (2).

However, in reality the users interact much more between themselves (via social media such as twitter, facebook, etc.) and they do not need the link to the broadcasters (any more). See step (3) in the figure below. Hence, the broadcasters are somewhat out of the game.

Here is the animated figure I drew from the presentation by Gutjahr:

Add comment February 22nd, 2013 Sigi Reich

Big data and the end of Theory

… the increasing availability of data (open, closed, masses, etc.) is influencing the way we do research. This has many implications: we need new/different types of infrastructure (more storage, more processing power), there will be more transparency in research, and, above all, we may even not need scientific theories any more. At least this is how Chris Anderson argues in this short Wired Article (available as

As a a computer scientist, this also reminds me the so-called “4th paradigm”, see e.g. a talk by Jim Gray in January 2007 ( Again, what can we take from that:

  • There are some domains that are (inherently) well suited for data-intensive scientific discovery (earth science, medicine); still, these are just prominent examples
  • There is a need and first efforts towards building tools and infrastructures
  • Open access is an important aspect

As a consequence, we’ll need to change the way we educate students (both on master and PhD level); perhaps before that, we’ll change the way we do research. And to some degree this raises questions whether we still need (traditional) researchers at all: wouldn’t clever data analysts be able to do the job as well? For many (most?) purposes we do not need theories. We have the data, we can derive the models and thus can explain the world is working.

Add comment November 27th, 2012 Sigi Reich

Journal of Universal Rejection

… haven’t tried to publish there, perhaps it is worthwhile giving it a try ;-)

In the store you get your own gear, see

Add comment October 12th, 2012 Sigi Reich

Mobile Computing

cover page hmd 286

A new publication in HMD – Praxis der Wirtschaftsinformatik: Mobile Computing (edited together with Stefan Meinhardt from SAP).

Available now, also as eBook.

Add comment August 22nd, 2012 Sigi Reich

Philanthropical Engagement in Research – Strategies to Support private Funding

The Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development has just published a study on “increasing private funding for “R&D” (the study actually is in German, it is available from The study has been done by Hannes Leo.

During the last decade, Austria’s RTI (Research, Technology and Innovation) System developed further: some say that Austria closed the gap between being an “innovation follower” and the group of “innovation leaders” (IMHO we have not quite closed that gap but still, the direction is right and the dynamics were good!).

Much of that development was due to public funding – what is being analysed in the study is the current state of private funding in Austria (and Europe) and how private funding could be increased.

In the study, Hannes Leo starts by analysing the situation of private funding (“sponsoring” one might even say) in general. It is shown that the landscape in Europe is not as elaborated as in the US; and even within Europe there are tremendous differences. From that perspective, Leo argues for an enormous potential in Austria: there are private foundations but there is (yet) no philanthropical culture as in Germany or Switzerland: for instance, private and non-private foundations donate in Austria 4 EUR per inhabitant (and year): in CH the corresponding value is EUR 109; and in DE EUR 183(!). And therefore, if that gap was closed in would be of great benefit mostly to basic research – which anyway is a sector that has somehow been neglected and only recently gets more attention.

So, in conclusion, what do we need to increase philanthropical funding in Austria? According to Hannes Leo, we need

  • better legal regulations for private foundations
  • increased network activities between foundations, i.e., more exchange, etc.
  • better public relations for private foundations

Overall, an interesting study well worth reading!

Add comment August 5th, 2012 Sigi Reich

Growth and Size of the Internet …

… two brilliant figures:

Both images are amazing – and they demonstrate how much we rely on the Internet as a backend infrastructure for whatever we are doing!

Add comment August 5th, 2012 Sigi Reich

ITS Project Award 2012

… and the winner is … Austria’s TOP-10 IT projects from HTLs:

I happened to be member of the jury of the ITS project award, initiated by Gerhard Jöchtl at FH Salzburg. The idea of the award is to motivate high-school students to engage in science and technical development and secondly, to demonstrate the high quality of these projects. The jury was composed of C. Amann-Winkler (IV), R. Hittmair (BCCS), S. Huber (ITG-Salzburg), P. Korczak (ITS Support Association) and myself (= S. Reich, Salzburg Research).

The Nominees were

  • HTL Braunau | Posture Recognizer for Physiotherapy: a pretty cool project using MS Kinect technology to implement a kind of “digital physiotherapeut”;
  • HTL Dornbirn | WAKA Kennzahlen Analyse: a project on data warehousing and business intelligence using MS-technology;
  • HTL Leonding | CrazyFingers: an early stage project on using various sensor technologies to interpret movements of hands/gestures;
  • HTL Mistelbach | Android App über Hautkrankheiten: a seriously well done app for assisting people in interpreting skin diseases – what I liked here was the approach of using a Wizard with questions and answers for narrowing down the choices = diseases (BTW: there was also a learning mode for medicine students);
  • HTL Mössingerstraße | Smart Globe: a project on promoting a new chip by Infineon technologies with an eye-catcher device;
  • HTL Ottakring | RiffGrabber: a quite clever software for real-time analyzing of guitar riffs. Cool stuff! Also very impressive suite of software tools (web, mobile, …);
  • HTL Rennweg | EMPALOGIA – die soziale Plattform: a social web platform for community work/social engagement. See technically perhaps not the really new but truly well marketed.;
  • HTL Saalfelden | Hotspot GPS: an innovative, very helpful app for the fire brigade: where is the nearest fire hydrant (it may be hidden behind an anti-noise barrier …)?
  • HTL Salzburg | SoccerBoard: again, truly innovative and already in use at the Salzburg Soccer Association, this tool allows for football players to improve their passing;
  • HTL Ybbs | Yes, we CanSat: a nicely engineered prototype for measuring local weather and climate data. Needs a rocket to be put up in orbit/space.

The winner is SmartGlobe, HTL Mössingerstraße, Carinthia. Congratulations!

Add comment June 5th, 2012 Sigi Reich

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